The treatment for Lymphoma largely depends on the type of Lymphoma and on how far has it spread.
Treatment of Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL):
HL is a relatively aggressive cancer and can quickly spread through the body. Despite this, it’s also one of the most easily treated types of cancer. The main treatments used are Chemotherapy, followed by Radiotherapy, or Chemotherapy alone. Surgery isn’t generally used as a treatment for the condition.
Overall, around 85% of people with Hodgkin Lymphoma live at least five years and most of these will be cured. However, there’s a risk of long-term problems after treatment, including infertility and an increased risk of developing another type of cancer in the future.
Treatment of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL):
NHL is usually treated with Cancer-killing Medication or Radiotherapy, although some people may not need immediate treatment. In some cases, if the initial cancer is very small, it can be removed during a biopsy and no other treatment may be needed.
The main treatment options for NHL are:
- Chemotherapy – Depending on the stage of the cancer, Chemotherapy can be administered either intravenously or orally. It is usually given over a period of a few months on an outpatient basis, however, if the symptoms or side-effect become troublesome, a hospital stay may be required.
- Radiotherapy – It is most often used to treat early-stage NHL, where the cancer is only in one part of the body. This is normally given in short daily sessions over several weeks.
- Monoclonal Antibody Therapy – This type of medication attaches themselves to the surface of the cancerous cells and stimulates the immune system to attack and kill the cells. This if often given in combination with Chemotherapy to make the treatment more effective.