Every organ and tissue of our body needs oxygen to perform optimally and the Red Blood Cells are the body’s oxygen transport system. They carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. In Anaemia, the body does not have enough of these blood cells.
Iron is a mineral that the body needs to produce red blood cells. When the body does not get enough iron, it cannot produce the number of normal red blood cells needed to keep the body in good health – without enough oxygen in the blood, the person feels tired, weak and short of breath. This condition is termed as Iron-Deficiency Anaemia.
Iron Deficiency Anaemia affects both men and women, with women being more commonly affected. It is often underdiagnosed and undertreated because some people may not have any symptoms at first, and signs and symptoms of IDA could be like those of other conditions.
India carries a serious burden of anaemia with 51% of women of reproductive age and 58% of children under the age of five years being anaemic. While there are around 400 types of anaemia, IDA is the most common type of Anaemia. It is estimated that about 20% of maternal deaths are directly related IDA, and another 50% of maternal deaths are associated with it.