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Glossary

Name of the testScreening Organ/Body PartHow is the test performedPurpose of the test
20 EchoHeartUltrasound of the heartIt provides information regarding valves, walls of the heart and pumping capacity of the heart (Ejection fraction). Colour Doppler gives accurate information about congenital heart detects, leaking or choked valves.
Acid PhosphataseLiver and ProstrateThrough blood sampleAcid Phosphatase is an enzyme found throughout the body but primarily in the prostate gland.
Anti-Hepatitis C VirusLiverThrough blood sampleAnti-Hepatitis C Virus helps detecting the presence of antibodies of the virus, indicating exposure to Hepatitis C Virus.
Biochemical Screening for OsteoporosisBonesThrough blood sampleHas four makers which are tested in blood and have a lot of utility in diagnosis and management of Osteoporosis.
Bone Mineral DensitometryBonesLow dose radiation (X-ray)BMD detects Osteoporosis at an early and reversible stage.
C – Reactive Protein    ( High Sensitivity)HeartThrough blood samplesPredicts a healthy person’s risk for a heart disease/stroke
Calcium ScoringCoronary arteries of heartNon invasive CT scanTo understand probability of blockages in the Coronary arteries of heart
Cancer Makers   
PSAAntibodies to Cancer cells in the bodyThrough blood sampleTo detect prostate cancer
CA-125Antibodies to Cancer cells in the bodyThrough blood sampleTo detect ovarian cancer in females
AFPAntibodies to Cancer cells in the bodyThrough blood sampleTo detect liver cancer
CEA/CA 19.9Antibodies to Cancer cells in the bodyThrough blood sampleTo detect cancer of colon/rectum/pancreas
CA 15.3Antibodies to Cancer cells in the bodyThrough blood sampleTo detect early cancer of breast
CA 72.4Antibodies to Cancer cells in the body To detect cancer of ovaries, pancreas and digestive tract.
CT Coronary AngiographyCoronary arteries of heartNon-invasive CT AngiographyPreliminary test for evaluation of Coronary artery diseases
CT Stroke ImagingBrainNon-invasive CT AngiographyFor evaluating blood circulation in arteries of the brain
FerritinIron stores in bodyThrough blood sampleThe test is done to evaluate the severity of iron deficiency and overload
Folic AcidCell DivisionThrough blood sampleFolic Acid is a part of an evaluation for Anaemia and Neuropathy. 
FISHOvariesThrough blood sampleThe test is used to check damage or disease of testes or ovaries. Pituitary gland of hypothalamus
(Hb) Haemoglobin ElectrophoresisOxygen carrying protein (Haemoglobin) in bloodThrough blood sampleTo detect abnormally of haemoglobin like Sickle Cell Anaemia and Thalassemia
HBsAgLiverThrough blood sampleTo help in detecting any infection due to Hepatitis B surface Antigen so that early diagnosis leads to early treatment
Lipid Profile (Heart)Abnormal lipid in bloodThrough blood sampleTo determine whether abnormally high or low concentration of specific macromolecular fat is present
Liver ProfileLiverThrough blood sampleTo determine whether the liver has been damaged or its function impaired
Lung function pulmonary function test (PFT) spirometryLungsNon-Invasive screening for lungsPFT checks the volume and capacity of lungs. It is very important for patients with Asthma and Bronchitis as well as Chronic smokers. It determines if lung has been damaged or it’s function impaired
HBsAgLiverThrough blood sampleTo help in detecting any infection due to Hepatitis B surface Antigen so that early diagnosis leads to early treatment
Lipid Profile (Heart)Abnormal lipid in bloodThrough blood sampleTo determine whether abnormally high or low concentration of specific macromolecular fat is present
Liver ProfileLiverThrough blood sampleTo determine whether the liver has been damaged or its function impaired
Lung function pulmonary function test (PFT) spirometryLungsNon-Invasive screening for lungsPFT checks the volume and capacity of lungs. It is very important for patients with Asthma and Bronchitis as well as Chronic smokers. It determines if lung has been damaged or it’s function impaired
Lipoproteins AAbnormal lipid in bodyThrough blo
od sample
Lipoproteins are conjugated proteins in which one component is a lipid. They are principal means whereby lipids are transported in the body.
The protein promotes cholesterol efflux from tissues to the liver.
Apolipoproteins B is responsible for carrying cholesterol to tissues. High levels of Apo-B can lead to plaques that cause vascular disease leading to heart disease.
MagnesiumHeart, Liver and Calcium metabolism of the bodyThrough blood sampleThis test reveals the body’s defence mechanism and calcium metabolism
MammographyBreastsX-ray screening for breastsThis screening test. It enables early detection of other breasts lesions and masses. It is a must yearly examination in women, especially 40 years and above.
PAP SmearCervix and VaginaThrough scrape cells from the cervixChecks for Cervical Cancer, Vaginal Cancer or abnormal changes in cells that could lead to cancer in women.
RA FactorFor detection and Rheumatoid ArthritisThrough blood sampleRheumatoid factor is commonly used as a blood test for the diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis.
MagnesiumHeart, Liver and Calcium metabolism of the bodyThrough blood sampleThis test reveals the body’s defence mechanism and calcium metabolism
MammographyBreastsX-ray screening for breastsThis screening test. It enables early detection of other breasts lesions and masses. It is a must yearly examination in women, especially 40 years and above.
PAP SmearCervix and VaginaThrough scrape cells from the cervixChecks for Cervical Cancer, Vaginal Cancer or abnormal changes in cells that could lead to cancer in women.
RA FactorFor detection and Rheumatoid ArthritisThrough blood sampleRheumatoid factor is commonly used as a blood test for the diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis.
RA FactorFor detection and Rheumatoid ArthritisThrough blood sampleRheumatoid factor is commonly used as a blood test for the diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Renal Profile (Kidney)KidneysThrough blood sampleDiagnostic test that measures that functionality of the kidney and its filtration mechanism of toxins
Serum Electrophoresis ProteinSpecific proteins in bloodThrough blood sampleIt is used to identity patients with Multiple Myeloma and other Serum Protein Disorders.
Serum IronBody’s ability to transport ironThrough blood sampleSerum iron is ordered if there are signs of anaemia and when Haematocril are low or there is an iron overloaded.
Sonography of AbdomenAll abdominal organs like Liver, Spleen, Gall Bladder, Kidney and PancreasUltrasound of the AbdomenIt includes examination of all important abdominal organs like Liver, Spleen, Gall Bladder, Kidney and Pancreas. It helps in excluding any abnormally and to pick up disease in any of these abdominal organs
Sonography PelvisPelvisUltrasound of the PelvisIn women, it helps examining Urinary Bladder, Uterus and Ovaries. It helps in ruling out any abnormalities in these organs like fibroids or cysts. In men, it is very important for screening of any pathology related to the Urinary Bladder and Prostate.
Sono MammographyBreastsUltrasound of the breastsCombined with mammography, it further helps in grading the breast masses & lesions and differentiating benign masses from malignant ones. Ultrasonography of the breast is also helpful in giving guidance for FNACs and biopsles from breast.
Stress TestHeartContinuous ECG and BP monitoring done during exercise on a treadmillThis test is useful for detection of Coronary Artery Disease and to evaluate functional capacity of the heart
T3, T4, TSHThyroidThrough blood sampleHelps in early detection of Thyroid problems
Vitamin B12Whole bodyThrough blood sampleDeficiency or excess of the vitamin can be corrected effectively.
Vitamin D3BonesThrough blood sampleDeficiency or excess of the vitamin can be corrected effectively.
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