Kidney disease is a worldwide public health problem. As per estimates one in every five Indian has some form of kidney disease. The commonest causes of kidney disease worldwide are diabetes and high blood pressure. With a rapidly growing number of diabetics and hypertensives in urban India, a parallel increase in kidney disease is expected since nearly every third patient with diabetes will go on to have kidney dysfunction.
Kidneys play an important role in maintaining the homeostasis in human beings. Few of its main functions are listed below:
The current era of sedentary lifestyle is coupled with an exponential growth of lifestyle diseases like Diabetes Mellitus and high Blood Pressure, but very few people have heard of Chronic kidney disease as a public health menace. The numbers are simply frightening in 2005.